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Steel Springs

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Steel springs are essential components in many devices, systems and machinery and can be defined as an elastic member that exerts a resisting force when its shape is changed. Read More…

Steel Springs A steel spring is a very broad term encompassing the wide spectrum of types of springs made from different varieties of steel.
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Leading Manufacturers

Lake Geneva, WI  |  262-249-7854

R&L Spring Company manufactures custom spring and wire formed components for industries such as powersports, automotive, medical devices, and general industrial. Products include compression, extension, and torsion springs, as well as rings, wire forms, fourslide components, and long coils. Wire diameters available from .001" to .750" in both shaped wires and flat stocks. Their experienced team is able to meet the most demanding parts specifications. IATF16949 and ISO9001 certified.

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R & L Spring Company $$$

Spring Grove, IL  |  815-675-1350

When it comes to springs, you'll find exactly what you are looking for with us! We have years of experience manufacturing high quality products from a variety of materials, in a variety of sizes and shapes. We strive to offer exactly what spring types and configurations our customers need with accuracy in quality and cost-effectiveness. Find out more by giving us a call today!

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All-Rite Spring Company $$$

Grand Rapids, MI  |  616-453-5463

Apex Spring & Stamping is a certified minority owned company that manufacturers springs, stampings, wire forms, clips, and fasteners. Our core industries include automotive, office furniture, medical, recreational, consumer goods, and appliances. We also specialize in value added assembly and prototyping. Our engineering team will ensure your part is both functional and cost-effective. IATF 16949 Certified.

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Apex Spring & Stamping Corporation $$$

Houston, TX  |  713-849-4000

Coiling Technologies, Inc. has the experience and expertise to design and engineer the custom springs to meet your specific requirements. We are a leading manufacturer of high-tech, specialized springs and we are committed to providing quality products with fast lead times. Our automated process allows us to produce the reliable springs you need.

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Coiling Technologies, Inc. $$$

Garland, TX  |  888-213-7231

Gifford Spring Company manufactures coil springs, flat springs, torsion springs, wire forms and hooks. We can hand-form springs for small quantities of intricately designed parts or mass-produced high-quality springs using CNC machining. We’d be happy to design a spring for you based on the design or concept you require. Call us today!

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Gifford Spring Company $$$

Bristol, CT  |  800-977-7464

At Century Spring, we are ISO 9002 approved. That shows our commitment to quality. We produce made-to-order extension springs, torsion springs and compression springs that are competitively priced and delivered immediately. We have the answer to all your spring needs.

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Century Spring Manufacturing Company, Inc. $$$

Mt. Prospect, IL  |  847-437-3900

We have offered financial stability, design and engineering excellence, flexibility to adapt and reinvent, delivery and service, and quality since 1955. Our mission is to support our customers by providing innovative, cost effective, engineered solutions, prototypes, components and assemblies, enabling our respective business partners to achieve superior financial results and quality growth.

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Perfection Spring & Stamping $$$

Hayden, ID  |  208-209-2200

Titan Spring & Wire Products, Inc manufacture precision made quality springs all certified to AS9100 Rev "B" and to ISO 9001:2008 standards and service a number of industries. Titan also manufactures quality and affordable Bellville washers and short run stampings. A die shop is on the premises complete with EDM machines. Call or visit Titan’s website for more information.

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Titan Spring & Wire Products Inc. $$$
placeholder image R & L Spring Company All-Rite Spring Company Apex Spring & Stamping Corporation Coiling Technologies, Inc. Gifford Spring Company Century Spring Manufacturing Company, Inc. Perfection Spring & Stamping Titan Spring & Wire Products Inc.

There are four major styles of steel springs: compression springs, extension springs, torsion springs and flat springs. Each of these steel springs performs a very different function. Compression springs act as a cushion for a downward acting force; extension springs, also known as tension springs, act in reverse by giving resistance to outward acting forces, elongating when pulled by attached hooks at either side; torsion springs store mechanical energy within a twisted coil and act by exerting a twisting force, or torque; and flat springs are very simple devices, being constructed of flat strips of steel that have been tempered with a specific curvature in order to give resistance and shock absorption in simple applications.

Common applications of steel springs include outdoor power equipment, retractable safety devices, tape measures, timing devices, fitness equipment, gardening equipment and toys. Steel springs serve these applications and more in industries such as medical, automotive, oil and gas, telecommunications, textiles, hardware, electronics, military, aerospace and agriculture.

Coated Steel Extension Springs Steel Springs - Myers Spring

There are a few main types of steel used to make springs: blue steel, which is also sometimes called spring steel, and stainless steel. Blue steel is the traditional type of steel using in springs and is a high carbon spring steel. Aesthetically-pleasing, but inclined to rust, blue steel is hardened, tempered and polished to meet specifications.

Stainless steel offers properties that are not available in blue tempered spring steel such as high corrosion-resistance; however, it is similarly aesthetically-pleasing. Steel springs are most commonly formed through the cold rolling process. A type of roll forming, cold rolling utilizes roll forming machines, which consist of sequences of calenders, or roller die pairs, positioned both above and below the metal coil that is being formed.

As the metal moves through the machine, the rollers bend the material along the linear axis, pressing the metal into a more uniform grain flow while shaping the metal into flat coil strips. Cold rolled parts are created at temperatures below the recrystallization point of the metal. The cold rolling process increases the tensile strength of the metal.

Since blue tempered steel springs work well with heat treatment, the next step for this type of steel spring is to be annealed, or made softer through heating, so that they can be wound or coiled. Next, they are heat treated in order to reduce stresses and fractures, which further strengthens the spring.

However, stainless steel springs cannot undergo heat treatment and thus are coiled using a different process. One possible winding process for stainless steel springs is to be lathe formed, which uses a lathe machine that winds the coils through a process of rapid rotation.

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