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Steel Springs

A reliable source for Steel Springs information and leading Steel Springs Companies & Manufacturers.

Steel springs are essential components in many devices, systems and machinery and can be defined as an elastic member that exerts a resisting force when its shape is changed. Read More…

Steel Springs A steel spring is a very broad term encompassing the wide spectrum of types of springs made from different varieties of steel.
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Leading Manufacturers

Lake Geneva, WI  |  262-249-7854

R&L Spring Company manufactures custom spring and wire formed components for industries such as powersports, automotive, medical devices, and general industrial. Products include compression, extension, and torsion springs, as well as rings, wire forms, fourslide components, and long coils. Wire diameters available from .001" to .750" in both shaped wires and flat stocks. Their experienced team is able to meet the most demanding parts specifications. IATF16949 and ISO9001 certified.

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R & L Spring Company $$$

Spring Grove, IL  |  815-675-1350

All-Rite Spring Company specializes in quick-turn design, prototype, and manufacture of springs and wires of all shapes, sizes, and material types. Typical applications are: Automotive, Agricultural, Consumer Appliance, Industrial, Safety Critical, and other High Functional Value and/or Life Cycle.

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All-Rite Spring Company $$$

Grand Rapids, MI  |  616-591-9524

Apex Spring & Stamping is a certified minority owned company that manufacturers springs, stampings, wire forms, clips, and fasteners. Our core industries include automotive, office furniture, medical, recreational, consumer goods, and appliances. We also specialize in value added assembly and prototyping. Our engineering team will ensure your part is both functional and cost-effective. IATF 16949 Certified.

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Apex Spring & Stamping Corporation $$$

Houston, TX  |  713-849-4000

Coiling Technologies, Inc. has the experience and expertise to design and engineer the custom springs to meet your specific requirements. We are a leading manufacturer of high-tech, specialized springs and we are committed to providing quality products with fast lead times. Our automated process allows us to produce the reliable springs you need.

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Coiling Technologies, Inc. $$$

Garden Grove, CA  |  714-898-2666

For over 60 years, Bazz Houston International (BHI) has been recognized as a one of the best full service metals fabrication manufacturers on the West Coast. We manufacture springs, stampings, wire forms (up to 3/8”), fourslides, assembly, tooling, and metal fabrication. Our products are manufactured in Mexico and California in order to provide our customers shorter lead times, lower freight costs and no customs charges or delays. Our plants are ISO:9001 Registered for quality assurance. We serve the aerospace, automotive, defense, electronic, irrigation, lighting, and medical industries. Call us or visit our website today.

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Bazz Houston International (BHI) $$$

Monticello, IN  |  574-583-8090

Monticello Spring is a manufacturer that specializes in springs: compression springs, torsion springs and extension springs. We are QS 9000/ISO 9002 certified and a leader in the spring industry. Our commitment to total quality management (TQM) is the foundation for our success.

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Monticello Spring Corporation $$$
placeholder image R & L Spring Company All-Rite Spring Company Apex Spring & Stamping Corporation Coiling Technologies, Inc. Bazz Houston International (BHI) Monticello Spring Corporation

Spring Power Pages

Coil Springs

Coil Springs

A coil spring is an elastic element made of metal or heavy plastic in the form of curls or ringlets of round wire or cord that is wrapped around a cylinder. The winding of a coil spring can be loose or tight in a helical shape depending on the application for which it is made...

Compression Springs

Compression Springs

Coil springs called compression springs can store mechanical energy when they are compressed. These open-coiled, helical springs provide resistance to compressive loading. When these springs are...

Extension Springs

Extension Springs

Extension springs are helical wound springs that are so closely coiled together to create initial tension in the coils. This initial tension creates resistance against the force applied to its ends for extension. The initial tension helps determine how closely and...

There are four major styles of steel springs: compression springs, extension springs, torsion springs and flat springs. Each of these steel springs performs a very different function. Compression springs act as a cushion for a downward acting force; extension springs, also known as tension springs, act in reverse by giving resistance to outward acting forces, elongating when pulled by attached hooks at either side; torsion springs store mechanical energy within a twisted coil and act by exerting a twisting force, or torque; and flat springs are very simple devices, being constructed of flat strips of steel that have been tempered with a specific curvature in order to give resistance and shock absorption in simple applications.

Common applications of steel springs include outdoor power equipment, retractable safety devices, tape measures, timing devices, fitness equipment, gardening equipment and toys. Steel springs serve these applications and more in industries such as medical, automotive, oil and gas, telecommunications, textiles, hardware, electronics, military, aerospace and agriculture.

Coated Steel Extension Springs Steel Springs - Myers Spring

There are a few main types of steel used to make springs: blue steel, which is also sometimes called spring steel, and stainless steel. Blue steel is the traditional type of steel using in springs and is a high carbon spring steel. Aesthetically-pleasing, but inclined to rust, blue steel is hardened, tempered and polished to meet specifications.

Stainless steel offers properties that are not available in blue tempered spring steel such as high corrosion-resistance; however, it is similarly aesthetically-pleasing. Steel springs are most commonly formed through the cold rolling process. A type of roll forming, cold rolling utilizes roll forming machines, which consist of sequences of calenders, or roller die pairs, positioned both above and below the metal coil that is being formed.

As the metal moves through the machine, the rollers bend the material along the linear axis, pressing the metal into a more uniform grain flow while shaping the metal into flat coil strips. Cold rolled parts are created at temperatures below the recrystallization point of the metal. The cold rolling process increases the tensile strength of the metal.

Since blue tempered steel springs work well with heat treatment, the next step for this type of steel spring is to be annealed, or made softer through heating, so that they can be wound or coiled. Next, they are heat treated in order to reduce stresses and fractures, which further strengthens the spring.

However, stainless steel springs cannot undergo heat treatment and thus are coiled using a different process. One possible winding process for stainless steel springs is to be lathe formed, which uses a lathe machine that winds the coils through a process of rapid rotation.

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